This idea of labour being hid­den in things, and the val­ue of things aris­ing from the labour con­gealed inside them, is an unex­pect­ed­ly pow­er­ful explana­to­ry tool in the dig­i­tal world. … When you start look­ing for this mech­a­nism at work in the con­tem­po­rary world you see it every­where, often in the form of sur­plus val­ue being cre­at­ed by you, the cus­tomer or client of a com­pa­ny. Online check-in and bag drop at air­ports, for exam­ple.

Marx at 193 ( 2 Apr., 2012, at Inter­con­nect­ed)

This reminds me a lot of Tesler’s Law which states that the com­plex­i­ty inher­ent in a sys­tem is con­stant and can only be shift­ed from prod­uct to user or back.

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Kars Alfrink

Kars is a designer, researcher and educator focused on emerging technologies, social progress and the built environment.